Microsoft Toolkit Patch Archives

Microsoft Toolkit Patch Archives

Microsoft Toolkit Patch Archives

Microsoft Toolkit Patch Archives

MKS Toolkit® Release Notes


MKS Toolkit is the leader in UNIX to Windows user productivity, platform interoperability, and application portability.








Version 8.7 Patch 3



MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 3

MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 3 is a maintenance update for MKS Toolkit 8.7. It includes all fixes found in MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 1 and Patch 2 as well as those fixes listed in Fixed Problems below. In addition, it includes the following new features.

Archiving Enhancements

  • Additional Compression and Decompression Support for and . The and utilities can now compress and decompress archives using the format. To compress an archive using this format, specify the option on the command line when creating the archive. When extracting from an archive, and can now automatically detect if it was compressed in format and decompress it appropriately. Note, however, that some versions of the and utilities on other systems may not automatically detect and decompress -compressed archives. To extract files from these archives on such a system, you should first decompress the archive using the utility.

    Additionally, and can now also recognize and decompress archives which have been compressed using the (PKZIP) format.

  • Improved Support for Multi-part Files. The , , and (with the option) utilities can now decompress multi-part files as can the , , and archiving utilities. Previously, such files could only be handled by the uitility.

sort Enhancements

  • Support for Alternate Temporary Directory Added. The utility now features a tempdir option that lets you specify the directory tempdir as the directory to be used for 's temporary files. When specified, this directory is used in place of the one specified by the TMPDIR environment variable.

  • Nulls Now Accepted in ASCII Files. When the new option is specified, the utility now accepts nulls in ASCII files. When this option is not specified, the presence of nulls in a file causes to treat the file as binary.

Various Other Enhancements

  • Improved Output. In the interest of clarity and consistency, the output produced by the utility has been changed. The field has been renamed and a new field has been added to report the status of password expiration. Previously, password expiration status was reported in a format inconsistent with other fields.

  • Now Supports GCC. The utility now understands the format of GCC executable and object files. As a result, it can successfully remove symbol tables and other debugging information from such files.


MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 2

MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 2 is a maintenance update for MKS Toolkit 8.7. It includes all fixes found in MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 1 as well as those fixes listed in Fixed Problems below. In addition, it includes the following new features.

Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 Compatibility

MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 2 is fully compatible with Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2. Ideally, this patch should be installed before installing the service pack.

  • Support for Built-in Firewall. One of the main features of this Windows Service Pack is a built-in firewall that requires all network applications to create a firewall exception before they can run properly. To set up the required exceptions for MKS Toolkit, use the Firewall Config tab of the MKS Toolkit control panel applet (also available as the Start > All Programs > MKS Toolkit > Configuration > Configuration Information). From this tab, you can automatically create the exceptions needed.

    In addition, the MKS Toolkit installer has been modified to optionally create the needed firewall exceptions during installation. The MKS Toolkit uninstaller has also been modified. It will now remove any MKS Toolkit firewall exceptions when you uninstall MKS Toolkit.

tar Enhancements

  • Additional Compression and Decompression Support. The utility can now compress and decompress archives using the format. To compress a archive using this format, specify either the or option (the two are identical) on the command line when creating the archive. When extracting from an archive, can now automatically detect if it was compressed in format and decompress it appropriately. Note, however, that some versions of the utility on other systems may not automatically detect and decompress -compressed archives. To extract files from these archives on such a system, you should first decompress the archive using the utility.

    Additionally, can now also recognize and decompress archives which have been compressed using the (PKZIP) format.

  • Signed Checksum Support. The utility now supports the use of signed checksums in file headers instead of the POSIX standard of unsigned checksums. This allows compatibility with some UNIX versions of which do not conform to the POSIX standard. To create (or extract from) archives using signed checksums, specify the option on the command line.

    Note that the signed and unsigned checksums only differ when the checksum is higher than the signed maximum (in which case, the signed checksum becomes negative) or when the file header contains negative numbers. Archives which do not contain file headers with negative numbers, and whose checksums are low enough that the signed and unsigned checksums do not differ, can be read by all versions of . However, archives created using signed checksums and have negative checksums (that is, it is larger than the signed maximum), or contain file headers with negative numbers, cannot be read by versions of that cannot recognize signed checksums. Similarly, when the option is specified, MKS cannot read archives created using unsigned checksums if a checksum is larger than the signed maximum or a file header contains negative numbers.

Various Other Enhancements

  • New option for . The utility now features a option. When you specify this option, displays the name of the file with which an inherited ACL originates. This file name appears in parentheses following the (for Inherited Access).


MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 1

MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 1 is a maintenance update for the MKS Toolkit 8.7 migration products: MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers, MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers and MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition. This update includes a fix that allows the proper deployment of utilities onto 64-bit platforms with a ported UNIX/Linux application and only needs to be applied for those installations running the NuTCRACKER Deployment Wizard.

The Fixed Problems section discusses the problems resolved in this release.


MKS Toolkit 8.7

MKS Toolkit is the leader in UNIX to Window scripting, connectivity, and application migration. Enhancements found in the 8.7 release include support for GCC and Intel compilers, expanded 64-bit Windows support, Visual SFTP and a wide variety of new APIs supporting v3 of the Single UNIX Specification.

The Fixed Problems section discusses the problems resolved in this release. The following section discusses the specific enhancements in much greater detail.

Expanded Compiler Support

  • Support for GCC. MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers and MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers now support the compiler for migrating applications from UNIX/Linux to Windows. A pre-compiled version of along with its source code, can be found on the MKS Toolkit Resource Kit CD.

  • Support for Intel C++ 8.0. MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers, MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers and MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition now support the Intel C++ 8.0 compiler for IA32 and IA64 compilation of ported UNIX/Linux applications on supported Windows 32 and 64-bit platforms. This feature is available upon special request, please contact customer support for details if you are interested in using the Intel compilers with MKS Toolkit porting and migration products.

  • .NET Support. MKS Toolkit for Developers and all higher products now support the latest release of the Microsoft Visual Studio .NET IDE.

64-bit Windows Support

MKS Toolkit is the ONLY solution for migrating both 32 and 64-bit UNIX/Linux applications for deployment on 64-bit Windows!

64-bit Windows operating systems are ideal for applications that require large amounts of memory and high-performance mathematical computation, such as Web caching, data warehousing, complex mechanical design and analysis, scientific applications and research.

  • New Product. To support 64-bit Windows systems, MKS offers MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition. This product is intended for customers porting UNIX/Linux code to the NuTCRACKER Platform for deployment on 64-bit versions of Windows (Win64).
  • Operating System Support. MKS Toolkit products, including MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition, fully support Windows 64-bit running on the Itanium architecture. With the 8.7 release, support for Extended Architecture 64-bit platforms, such as AMD64, is available under beta status with the intent being to release a final version shortly after the official release of the Windows 64-bit operating system for that platform.

  • True 64-bit Shell. When installed on Windows 64-bit operating systems all MKS Toolkit products now include a full 64-bit shell (, , , and ).

  • 64-bit Runtime Environment. MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition includes a 64-bit runtime environment with the same operating systems requirements that are listed above. This environment can only be installed on 64-bit machines and is intended be used to test applications built with the 64-bit product.

  • Updated UNIX to Windows Porting Guide. The online version of the UNIX to Windows Porting Guide has been updated to include a chapter called "Porting Applications to 64-bit Windows" which provides more information on using MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition.

Secure Shell Explorer (Visual SFTP)

  • Secure Visual File Manipulation. Visual SFTP is a powerful new Windows Explorer extension that allows you to easily drag and drop files through a secure connection just as easily as you would on your local network. Seamlessly integrated with Windows Explorer, Visual SFTP allows you to open one or multiple connections and transfer or manipulate files found on remote Windows, UNIX/Linux, or any other system that supports SFTP over the SSH protocol.

    For information on how to use Visual SFTP, see the MKS Toolkit Connectivity Solutions Guide available from the MKS Toolkit Start menu.

New Porting APIs

MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers, MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers and MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition now include a variety of new APIs. These additions are incorporated into the product in order to remain abreast of the most common sections of the Single UNIX Specification while still maintaining conformance to existing standards. For more information on the Single UNIX Specification, please refer to http://www.unix.org/version3/.

  • Single UNIX Specification Version 3 APIs. New APIs for various real time and other SUSv3 functions have been added in a number of areas. For more information on these functions, please refer to the MKS Toolkit UNIX API Reference pages from the MKS Toolkit Start menu or online at http://www.mkssoftware.com/docs.

      Message Queues
        , , , , , , , , ,

      Shared Memory Objects
      Spin Locks
        , , , ,

      Read/Write Locks
        , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

      Memory Locking
        , , ,

      Semaphores
        , , , , , , , , ,

      Barriers
        , , , , , , ,

      Signals
        , ,


  • New Word Expansion APIs. The following word expansion APIs are new to MKS Toolkit 8.7:



  • New Wide Character stdio APIs. The following wide character stdio APIs are new to MKS Toolkit 8.7:

      , , , , , , , , ,


Various Other Enhancements

  • Software Configuration Management Support.

    • Updated Integration. The inherent support for version control and software configuration management (SCM) systems within MKS Make has been updated to support the latest SCM and Enterprise SCM systems.

    • New Integration. Common SCM operations, such as check-in, check-out, lock, unlock, and version differing are now directly supported from within the MKS Toolkit suite of editors, , and .

      For more information on Enterprise SCM and the MKS Integrity Solution, please visit www.mks.com.

  • Additional New Utilities.

    • The utility. The utility allows users to check the status of multiple hosts.

    • The utility. The utility, a version of which supports the Japanese locale, is now available.

  • Miscellaneous Updates.

    • //. A large number of fixes, as indicated in Fixed Problems, were made to the MKS Toolkit editors to improve operations.

    • New option for . The option now calls to compute differences when binary files are detected.

    • Changes to , , , and . Changes were make to the and utilities and APIs in the area of "file system mounts" (Windows 2000/XP/2003) to support Windows Volumes such that a volume is now treated like a UNIX block special device for the purposes of / manipulation.

New Features in Previous Releases


Hardware and Software Requirements

MKS Toolkit products do not have any particular hardware requirements. Any machine that is sufficient to run the underlying operating system is sufficient. All MKS Toolkit products run on Windows systems with Intel 32-bit, IA64, or Extended Architecture 64-bit (such as AMD64) processors.

MKS Toolkit products have the following software requirements:

  • Platforms. You can install all MKS Toolkit products on:
    • Windows Me
    • Windows NT (Workstation, Server, or Terminal Server) with Service Pack 6+ (Service Pack 6a is recommended)
    • Windows 2000 (Professional, Server, or Advanced Server)
    • Windows XP (Home or Professional)
    • Windows Server 2003

  • FAT File Systems. It is not currently possible to adequately secure key files and other data, if you install the secure shell server () onto a FAT file system. Therefore, we do not support use of the server on such a file system; however, the secure clients are all still usable in this case.

  • Limitations for Windows Me. Many MKS Toolkit utilities are Windows NT/2000/XP/2003-specific. These are clearly documented in the reference pages in the MKS Toolkit Utilities Reference, available from the Start menu.

    In addition, because of the lack of certain operating features on Windows Me, some MKS Toolkit UNIX APIs run in degraded mode (or return without doing anything) on those platforms. These are discussed in the MKS Toolkit UNIX to Windows Porting Guide and in great detail in the reference page for each API in the online MKS Toolkit UNIX APIs Reference which you can access via the Start menu.

  • Compilers. The MKS Toolkit development products work with Microsoft Visual C/C++ versions 5.0 and 6.0 as well as Visual Studio.NET (version 7.0) and Visual Studio.NET 2003 (Version 7.1).

    MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers and MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers support the following compilation environments:
    • both versions of the Standard Template Library
    • the Absoft Pro Fortran f90/f77 compiler, versions 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0 (http://www.absoft.com/)
    • Intel C++ 8.0
    • — source code is provided on the MKS Toolkit Resource Kit CD.

    MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition supports the following compilers:
    • Microsoft Visual Studio .NET (See 64-bit Compilers below)
    • Intel C++ 8.0 for Windows 64-bit running on Itanium platforms (contact MKS Technical Support if you would like to use this compiler)

    The "Using Languages" chapter of the MKS Toolkit UNIX to Windows Porting Guide describes how to use these MKS Toolkit products with C, C++, and Fortran.

  • 64-bit Compilers. Currently, the only compiler supported by MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition for Itanium development is the 64-bit compiler, linker, and assembler included with the Microsoft Platform SDK. The SDK can be installed on both 32-bit x86 machines as well as 64-bit Itanium machines. You can down the Microsoft Platform SDK from http://www.microsoft.com/msdownload/platformsdk/sdkupdate/.

    Users who wish to develop applications for Extended Architecture 64-bit platforms should obtain the Windows Server 2003 DDK, which is only available through MSDN subscriber downloads or through the appropriate beta channels at Microsoft. Beta versions of the Win64 operating system for the Extended Architecture 64-bit platforms (usually titled "64-bit Extended Systems") are also available through both of these channels.

    At the time of release, Microsoft has versions of both Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 (SP1) which run as native 64-bit operating systems. The MSDN subscriber downloads also has a beta version of the Platform SDK which contains the Extended Architecture 64-bit compiler, linker and associated tools, but at this time this is not supported. Please use the DDK instead.

  • Windows Task Scheduler. The MKS Toolkit Scheduler and the command-line scheduling utilities (, , , and ) require Internet Explorer 4 (or later) and the Windows Task Scheduler. On Windows Me, 2000, XP, and 2003 these are already installed. On Windows NT 4, you should follow these steps to install the Windows Task Scheduler:

    1. Select Add/Remove Programs from the Control Panel. The list of currently installed programs appears.

    2. Select Microsoft Internet Explorer and click Add/Remove. A dialog appears prompting you for action.

    3. Select Add a component to Internet Explorer. A list of additional Internet Explorer components appears.

    4. If you are running Internet Explorer 5+, select Offline Browsing Pack. If you are running Internet Explorer 4, select Additional Explorer Enhancements.

    Alternatively, you can download Internet Explorer 5 or 6 and their add-ons from http://www.microsoft.com/windows/ie.


Installing MKS Toolkit

If you have MKS Toolkit 7.5 or earlier, or if you have a previous version of MKS NuTCRACKER Professional, we recommend that you uninstall it, or install MKS Toolkit 8.7 on another machine.

When installing MKS Toolkit on a 64-bit machine, you must first uninstall any previously installed MKS Toolkit releases (version 8.6 and earlier).

When installing MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition on any platform, you must first uninstall any existing MKS Toolkit installation.

When installing MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers or MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers, the following additional requirements apply:

  • Microsoft Visual C/C++ (version 5.0 or later) must already be installed on your system.

  • You must install from an account with local or domain administrator privileges. You do not need to be an Administrator, but your login ID must be a member of the local or domain Windows Administrators group before you can install.

All MKS Toolkit products share a common installer. If you are installing from a CD, insert the MKS Toolkit distribution CD; the installer should start automatically. If you are installing from an electronic distribution, run the self-extracting installer.

To install MKS Toolkit, click the Install Toolkit button and follow the instructions on the dialogs that appear.

Note: You should turn off all virus protection software before installing MKS Toolkit. Such software can sometimes cause the installation to be interrupted and rolled back. Once you have installed MKS Toolkit, you can turn virus protection back on.

For step-by-step installation instructions and an installation FAQ, see http://www.mkssoftware.com/support/install.asp.

Silent and Administrative Installations

For step-by-step installation instructions and information on administrative and silent installations for MKS Toolkit see http://www.mkssoftware.com/support/install.asp.

Additional Components on the MKS Toolkit CD

The MKS Toolkit CD also includes several items that are not installed as part of the normal installation procedure. These are:

  • The directory. This directory contains a collection of sample source code for use with MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers and MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers. Though they can be modified and compiled for 64-bit Windows systems, these samples were designed and tested on 32-bit Windows platforms using the MKS Toolkit porting and migration products.

    These samples include binaries for , , , , and the suite of utilities.

  • The directory. This directory contains a collection of utilities and drivers that may be needed to get full use out of MKS products. This includes the recent versions of the Jet Database driver, Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC), Microsoft Management Console (MMC) and Adobe® Acrobat® Reader.

Uninstalling MKS Toolkit

Uninstalling MKS Toolkit 8.x

To uninstall MKS Toolkit, use the following procedure:

  1. From the Control Panel run Add/Remove Programs.

  2. Remove MKS Toolkit 8.x.

  3. Remove SCO XVision Eclipse. (This is only necessary if the XVision X server is installed. This X Server is normally only installed with MKS Toolkit for Interoperability and MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers.)

You must reboot your system before reinstalling MKS Toolkit.

Uninstalling Previous Versions of MKS Toolkit

To uninstall a 7.x version of MKS Toolkit, run the utility found in your system directory (you can find your system directory with the command).

Alternatively, you can uninstall the components manually with the following procedure:

  • From the Control Panel, run Add/Remove Programs.

  • Remove, in order, each of the following (if present):

    MKS Evaluation Guide
    MKS Toolkit 7.x
    MKS Platform Components 7.x

    You must reboot your system before reinstalling MKS Toolkit.


    Known Issues

    The following known issues exist in MKS Toolkit 8.7:

    • Security ID Warning. When the TK_NTSERCURITYINFO_OFF environment variable is set, it turns off all security related features. This includes the ability to look up user and group IDs. As a result, utilities such as , , and that depend upon user and group IDs will not work properly when this variable is set.

    • _NutConf(). MKS Toolkit 8.6 added large file support and as a result inadvertently broke backward binary compatibility for applications linked against previous import libraries. With 8.6p2 and 8.7 we have added an environment variable to supplement the to revert the behavior of the runtime to pre-8.6 form such that read beyond a 2G boundary without large file support enabled will not result in an error. to do the equivalent of without the need to recompile or relink your application.

    • Path Name Issue. If you install the Microsoft Platform SDK on a 64-bit machine, and your PATH environment variable contains elements that begin with , the script for setting up the 64-bit build environment included with the platform SDK does not work. There are two possible solutions:

      • Modify the PATH environment variable in the system environment to substitute the short path variant of the folder name . The short path variant is normally . You can use from a command window to be sure.

      • Modify the file in the root directory of the platform SDK tree. Find the section that looks like this: REM --------------------------------------------- REM Patch path to put Bin\WinNT\NT4 in path ahead REM of NT5 tools that don't run on NT4 REM --------------------------------------------- For /F "delims=;" %%i IN ('Cmd /c Ver') DO ( IF "%%i"=="Windows NT Version 4.0" ( Set Path=%MSSdk%\Bin\WinNT\NT4;%Path% Goto Finish ) ) Goto Finish and remove or comment out the line that begins .

    • X Server Support. The SCO X Vision X server (included in some MKS Toolkit products) is a 32-bit application that will run on the Extended Architecture 64-bit platforms in 32-bit emulation mode. If you require a 64-bit native X server, and not a 32-bit client display server, MKS recommends the Hummingbird Exceed product which is available directly from Hummingbird Ltd..

    • Absoft Fortran Support. Currently, Absoft does not provide a 64-bit Fortran compiler and associated libraries for the Windows 64-bit platforms. Once this support is available from Absoft, MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-bit Edition will provide Fortran support.

    • The uil Compiler. The compiler used with some Motif applications can generate uid files that are compatible with either 32 or 64-bit platforms. A single uid file cannot be used for both situations. This is consistent with the documented behavior of the compiler. The compiler normally will try to figure out whether to build the 32-bit or 64-bit version based on your build environment. If the TARGET_CPU environment variable is set to either "AMD64" or "IA64", the compiler builds a 64-bit compatible uid file; otherwise, it builds a 32-bit compatible uid file. The TARGET_CPU environment variable is set as appropriate for all 64-bit NuTCRACKER build environments launched from the Start menu.

      The uid file that is generated by the compiler in this release is not guaranteed to be portable to other 64-bit UNIX platforms.


    Customer Support

    When reporting a problem, you will need certain information about your product, which you can find on the Support Information of the MKS Toolkit Control Panel Applet.

    Contact MKS customer support at:


    Additional MKS Toolkit Resources

    There are several other sources for additional information about our MKS Toolkit products.

    We have general product information, including technical specifications, detailed utility listings, and datasheets at:

    We offer a resource kit including example scripts, additional utilities, more tutorials, and a wide variety of other useful information at:

    We have several additional articles, tutorials, and white papers about using features of the MKS Toolkit at:

    Through the years, we have accumulated a lot of technical details about the MKS Toolkit products and have put this information in a searchable database at:

    Our customers commonly ask certain questions. These questions and their answers are in our Frequently Asked Questions pages at:

    Known installation issues are listed at:


    Fixed Problems

    Several problems were fixed in MKS Toolkit 8.7 Patch 3. These are listed at:

    Fixed Problems in Previous Releases

  • Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
    , Microsoft Toolkit Patch Archives

    Microsoft Office XP

    Version of Microsoft Office suite
    Microsoft Office XP applications (clockwise from top-right): Word, Excel, Outlook, and PowerPoint on Windows XP
    Developer(s)Microsoft
    Initial releaseMay 31, 2001; 19 years ago (2001-05-31)[1]
    Final release
    Operating systemWindows NT 4.0, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows Me, Windows XP;[4]Windows Vista[5]
    PlatformIA-32
    Available in35 languages[6]
    TypeOffice suite
    LicenseProprietarycommercial software
    WebsiteMicrosoft Office Home Page

    Microsoft Office XP (codenamed Office 10[7]) is an office suite created and distributed by Microsoft for the Windowsoperating system. Office XP was released to manufacturing on March 5, 2001,[8] and was later made available to retail on May 31, 2001.[1] It is the successor to Office 2000 and the predecessor of Office 2003.

    New features in Office XP include smart tags, a selection-based search feature that recognizes different types of text in a document so that users can perform additional actions; a task pane interface that consolidates popular menu bar commands on the right side of the screen to facilitate quick access to them; new document collaboration capabilities, support for MSN Groups and SharePoint; and integrated handwriting recognition and speech recognition capabilities. With Office XP, Microsoft incorporated several features to address reliability issues observed in previous versions of Office.[9] Office XP also introduces separate Document Imaging,[9]Document Scanning,[9] and Clip Organizer applications.[10] The Office Assistant (commonly known as "Clippy"), which was introduced in Office 97 and widely reviled by users, is disabled by default in Office XP; this change was a key element of Microsoft's promotional campaign for Office XP.[11]

    Office XP is incompatible with Windows 95.[12] Office XP is compatible with Windows NT 4.0 SP6, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows Me, Windows XP[4] and Windows Vista.[5] It is the last version to support Windows NT 4.0, Windows 98, and Windows Me, as its successor, Office 2003, does not support these operating systems.[13]

    Office XP received mostly positive reviews upon its release, with critics praising its collaboration features, document protection and recovery functionality, and smart tags; however, the suite's handwriting recognition and speech recognition capabilities were criticized, and were mostly viewed as inferior to similar offerings from competitors. As of May 2002, over 60 million Office XP licenses had been sold.[14]

    Microsoft released three service packs for Office XP during its lifetime.[2]Mainstream support for Office XP ended on July 11, 2006, and extended support ended on July 12, 2011.[15]

    History[edit]

    At a meeting with financial analysts in July 2000, Microsoft demonstrated Office XP, then known by its codename, Office 10, which included a subset of features Microsoft designed in accordance with what at the time was known as the .NET strategy, one by which it intended to provide extensive client access to various web services and features such as speech recognition.[16] SharePoint Portal Server 2001, then codenamed Tahoe,[17] was also in development at this time and was slated to improve collaboration for users of Office 2000 and Office 10.[18] In August, Microsoft released Office 10 Beta 1 for product evaluation purposes.[19][20] During this period Office 10 was characterized as an interim release between its predecessor, Office 2000 and a future version, and was planned to include new formatting options;[20] integrated speech recognition;[19] improved collaboration capabilities and enhanced support for web services;[19] and a web portal complete with web parts.[20] Beta 1 was compatible with Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0 SP5, and Windows 2000.[21]

    Before the release of Office 10 Beta 2, there was speculation that Microsoft intended to rebrand the new product as "Office 2001,"[21] "Office 2002,"[21] "Office.NET,"[22] or "Office XP."[23] The latter was shorthand for eXPerience and was positioned as a brand that would emphasize the new experiences enabled by the product. At the time, Microsoft intended to name the latest version of Visual Studio as "Visual Studio .NET" but unnamed sources stated that the company did not desire to do the same with Office 10, as the product was only partially related to the company's .NET strategy.[22] Microsoft ultimately decided on "Office XP" as the final name of the product and used the same brand for Windows XP—then codenamed Whistler—which was developed concurrently.[24] In spite of this, individual Office XP products such as Excel, PowerPoint, and Word would continue to use Microsoft's year-based naming conventions and were named after the year 2002.[22]

    Office XP Beta 2 was released to 10,000 technical testers in late 2000.[25] Beta 2 introduced several improvements to setup tools. The Custom Maintenance Wizard, for example, now allowed setup components to be modified after their installation, and the setup process of Office XP itself used a new version of Windows Installer. Microsoft also terminated the product's support for Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 SP5.[26] After the release of Beta 2, Microsoft announced a Corporate Preview Kit Program for Office XP that would allow up to 500,000 corporate customers to evaluate a Corporate Preview Beta version of the product on a total of 10 machines per copy; individual copies cost $19.95 and expired on August 31, 2001.[25][27]

    Office XP was released to manufacturing on March 5, 2001,[8] and was later made available to retail on May 31, 2001.[1]

    Service packs[edit]

    Microsoft released a total of three service packs for Office XP that introduced security enhancements, stability improvements, and fixes for software bugs throughout the product's lifecycle. All service packs were made available as separate Client and Full File updates. Client updates were intended for users who installed Office XP from a CD-ROM and could be obtained from the Microsoft Office Update website or as standalone downloads, required the Office XP installation media during the installation process and could not be rolled back after they were installed. Full file updates do not require access to installation media and were intended for network administrators to deploy updates to Office XP users who installed the product from a server location;[30][31][32] however, users could also manually install full file updates.[33] Full file updates require Windows Installer 2.0; Office XP shipped with version 1.1.[34] On September 25, 2001, Microsoft released Windows Installer 2.0 redistributables for Windows 9x,[35] as well as for Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000.[36] Windows Installer 2.0 shipped with Windows XP.[37]

    Service Pack 1 (SP1) was released on December 11, 2001, and included performance and security improvements, as well as stability improvements based on error reports from users. SP1 also resolved an issue that prevented documents from being saved to MSN Groups.[30]

    Service Pack 2 (SP2), released on August 21, 2002, included all previously available standalone updates; some of the updates included cumulative security patches for Excel and Word to address potentially malicious code embedded in document macros.[29] The full file version of SP2 is cumulative—SP1 does not have to be installed—while the client version requires SP1 to be installed.[31] Only full file updates released after SP2 can be applied directly to client installations of Office XP. Earlier updates were designed to update only administrative images and fail when applied directly to clients.[34]

    Service Pack 3 (SP3) was released on March 30, 2004, and included all previously released updates, as well as previously unreleased stability improvements based on feedback and error reports received from users. SP3 does not require any earlier service packs to be installed.[3] However, if an Office XP client was updated from a patched administrative image, the full file version of SP3 must be installed.[34]

    New features[edit]

    User interface[edit]

    Office XP has a streamlined, flatter appearance compared to previous versions of Office. According to Microsoft, this change involved "removing visually competing elements, visually prioritizing items on a page, increasing letter spacing and word spacing for better readability, and defining foreground and background color to bring the most important elements to the front."[38]

    Smart tags[edit]

    Excel 2002 and Word 2002 introduce smart tags, commands for specific types of text including addresses, calendar dates, personal names, telephone numbers, ticker symbols, or tracking numbers in documents.[39] A smart tag is denoted by a dotted purple underline underneath actionable text in a document; hovering over this text with the mouse cursor displays an icon that presents a list of related commands when invoked with a mouse click or the ++keyboard shortcut.[40] A ticker symbol smart tag in Excel can present the latest stock information in a cell within a workbook, for example, while a contact name smart tag in a Word document can display options to send an e-mail message to—or schedule a meeting with—that contact. Excel and Word support extensible smart tags that allow developers and organizations to display custom commands related to specific information. The smart tags used by Word are also available in Outlook 2002 if the former is configured as the default e-mail editor.[39]

    The AutoCorrect and Paste Options commands in previous versions of Office have been updated to include smart tags that are shared among all Office XP programs. The AutoCorrect smart tag provides individual options to revert an automatic correction or to prohibit an automatic correction from occurring in the future, and also provides access to the AutoCorrect Options dialog box.[38] It is represented as a small, blue box when the mouse cursor is positioned over corrected text.[40] The Paste Options smart tag provides options to retain original formatting of content, change the formatting based on the currently active program, or to provide contextually specific characteristics to content after users paste it from the clipboard.[38]

    After the release of Office XP, Microsoft provided a repository for downloadable smart tags on its website.[41] Examples of third-party companies that produced smart tags after the release of Office XP include ESPN,[42]Expedia,[43]FedEx,[44] and MSNBC.[45] Microsoft released a Euro Currency Converter smart tag when new euro coins and notes were introduced on January 1, 2002.[46]

    Task panes[edit]

    The Startup task pane in Word 2002.

    Office XP introduces a task pane interface that consolidates popular menu bar commands on the right side of the screen to facilitate quick access to them.[47] Office XP includes Startup, Search, Clipboard, and Insert Clip Art task panes,[48] as well as task panes that are exclusive to certain programs. Word 2002, for example, includes a task pane dedicated to style and formatting options. Users can switch between open task panes through the use of back and forward buttons; a drop-down list also presents specific task panes to which users can switch.[47]

    The default Startup task pane is automatically available when users launch an Office XP program and presents individual commands to open an existing file, create a new blank file or one from a template, add a network location, or open Office Help. The Search task pane includes individual Basic and Advanced modes and allows users to query local or remote locations for files. The Basic mode allows users to perform full-text searches, while the Advanced mode provides additional file property query options.[47] An index such as the Indexing Service can improve how quickly results are returned after a search is performed.[49]

    The Insert Clip Art task pane is available in Excel, FrontPage, PowerPoint, and Word and provides options to search for and insert online clip art into files. The Office Clipboard has been redesigned as the Clipboard task pane across all Office XP programs and can accommodate up to 24 clipboard items compared to 12 in Office 2000. Clipboard items provide a visual representation to help users distinguish different types of content.[50] The Office Clipboard task pane opens when at least two items are copied.[38]

    Other UI changes[edit]

    • A Compress Pictures button on the Picture toolbar allows users to optimize images inserted into files.[9]
    • E-mail messages sent from all Office XP programs support an optional introductory field.[38]
    • Internet Explorer automatically launches the Office XP program used to create a HTML document when users print that document.[38]
    • Microsoft account users could store their documents in private or public locations at MSN Groups.[38]
    • Office XP introduces a My Data Sources directory in My Documents that provides access to recently opened data sources.[38]
    • Security features in all Office programs have been consolidated into a single Security tab.[38]
    • The Insert Hyperlink dialog box presents a list of files and folders from the current web page folder, allowing users to navigate between open web pages.[38]
    • The Web Options dialog box allows users to create documents tailored to Internet Explorer 4, Internet Explorer 5, Internet Explorer 6, or various versions of Netscape.[9]
    • When users revert automatically corrected text in an Office document to its original spelling, the text will not correct itself again.[9]

    File formats[edit]

    XML support[edit]

    Access 2002 and Excel 2002 support exporting and importing XML. Users can also save Excel workbooks as XML spreadsheets.[38]

    Office Open XML Compatibility Pack[edit]

    In 2006, Microsoft released a compatibility pack for Office 2000 SP3, Office XP SP3, and Office 2003 SP1 that enables users to open, edit, and save Excel, PowerPoint, and Word Office Open XML documents introduced in Office 2007.[51] The compatibility pack requires Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP SP1, or later versions of Windows.[52] The update also enables compatibility with documents created in Office 2010, Office 2013, and Office 2016.[53]

    Alternative user input[edit]

    Handwriting recognition[edit]

    Office XP introduces handwriting recognition in all Office programs, allowing users to write with a mouse or stylus instead of entering text by typing on a keyboard.[54] Users can insert handwritten notes into Excel, add handwritten comments to PowerPoint presentations, send handwritten e-mail messages with Outlook, or write directly into Word documents.[55] Notes written with a handheld PC or a Pocket PC can be converted into Word documents,[56] and handwritten content in Word documents can be converted to text.[54] Word must be the active e-mail editor in Outlook before handwritten e-mail messages can be sent. Once installed, handwriting functionality is also available in Internet Explorer 5 and Outlook Express 5 or later. Handwriting recognition engines are available for the English, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean versions of Office XP.[57]

    The downloadable Tablet Pack for Office XP provided an extension for Windows Journal to reuse notes as Outlook 2002 items and to import meeting information from Outlook 2002 into notes.[58]

    Speech recognition[edit]

    Speech recognition based on Microsoft Research technology is available for all Office XP programs, allowing users to dictate text into active documents, to change document formatting, and to navigate the interface by voice. The speech recognition feature encompasses two different modes: Dictation, which transcribes spoken words into text; and Voice Command, which invokes interface features.[59]

    Speech recognition can be installed during Office XP setup or by clicking the Speech option in the Tools menu in Word 2002. When installed, it is available as a Microphone command on the Language toolbar that appears in the upper-right corner of the screen (lower-right corner in East-Asian versions of Office XP). When launched for the first time, speech recognition offers a tutorial to improve recognition accuracy, which begins by providing instructions to adjust the microphone for optimal performance.[60] Speech recognition uses a speech profile to store information about a user's voice.[61]

    Users can configure speech recognition settings, including pronunciation sensitivity in voice command mode, accuracy and recognition response time in dictation mode, and microphone settings through the Speech control panel applet. The Regional and Language Options applet provides Language toolbar and additional settings.[61] Speech recognition engines are available for the English, Japanese, and Simplified Chinese languages.[59] Microsoft recommended its SideWinder Game Voicechat device as a microphone to use with speech recognition.[62]

    Reliability[edit]

    With Office XP, Microsoft incorporated several features to address reliability issues observed in previous versions of Office:

    • Application Recovery: Users can safely restart or terminate unresponsive Office programs—and save open documents before termination—from a utility that is accessible from the Office Tools group on the Windows Start menu.[50]
    • Automatic Recovery: Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher, and Word periodically save open documents in the background so the latest revision can be opened if an error occurs; users can configure how often files are saved, discard the latest revision, overwrite a file with it, or save it as a separate file.[50]
    • Document Recovery: Access, Excel, PowerPoint, and Word present users with an option to immediately save open files when an error occurs before a program is closed or restarted to prevent loss of data.[50]
    • Error Reporting: Users can optionally submit error report information to Microsoft for analysis to improve Office XP. Error reporting was instrumental in providing solutions included in all three Office XP service packs to address common issues.[3][29][30] Error reports can also be submitted to corporate departments.[50]
    • Repair and Extract: Excel and Word can automatically recognize and repair corrupt documents; users can also manually repair documents from these programs.[50]
    • Safe Mode: Office XP programs will automatically launch in Safe Mode, a diagnostic mode that allows programs to bypass the source of a problem if they are unable to start properly.[50]

    Security[edit]

    Excel, PowerPoint, and Word have been updated to provide password encryption options based on CryptoAPI. Additionally, all Office XP programs provide options for users to digitally sign documents.[38]

    Installation and deployment[edit]

    When upgrading from a previous version of Office, Office XP retains the user's previous configuration. Office XP can also be installed directly from an administrative image hosted on a web server via HTTP, HTTPS, or FTP.[38] The Office Resource Kit includes various improvements to deployment functionality when compared with the Office 2000 version. A new Setup INI Customization Wizard allows administrators to customize the Office XP INIconfiguration file prior to deployment. The Custom Installation Wizard can prohibit the installation, use, or uninstallation of programs or features such as the Run from Network and Installed on First Use setup options. Finally, the Custom Maintenance Wizard has been updated to provide customization options to configure Office XP including user preferences and security settings.[63] The Save My Settings Wizard, introduced in Office 2000 as an optional download for Microsoft account users to remotely store their Office settings to the Office Update web site,[64] has been updated to support importing and exporting backups to local storage or to a network share.[65]

    In an effort to curtail software piracy, Microsoft incorporated product activation technology into all versions of Office XP to prohibit users from installing a single copy of the software in a manner that violates the end-user license agreement (EULA). The EULA allows a single user to install one copy each on a primary device and a portable device such as a laptop. Users who make substantial hardware changes to an Office XP device may need to reactivate the software through the Internet or by telephone. Product activation does not require personally identifiable information.[66]

    Office XP introduced an optional subscription-based activation model that allowed consumers to annually license the product and receive incremental updates at a reduced price when compared with the cost of a full retail version. Microsoft originally intended to deliver the activation model to United States customers after the retail availability of Office XP on May 31, 2001, but later decided to make it available to consumers in "a few select locations" instead, citing a more cautious delivery approach.[67] In spite of this, Microsoft distributed optical media and a single subscription to authorized U.S. retail partners who attended teamMicrosoft Live! events.[68] As part of a pilot experiment, consumers in Australia, France, and New Zealand could purchase a subscription for Office XP starting in May 2001; the worldwide release of the activation model was contingent on the success of the pilot experiment, but Microsoft terminated support for subscriptions in 2002 based on feedback and research that demonstrated it was not well understood by consumers.[69]Office 365—released over a decade after Office XP—has since reintroduced subscription-based licenses to consumers.[70]

    User assistance[edit]

    A new "Ask a Question" feature appears in the top-right corner of all Office XP programs and allows users to type natural language questions and receive answers without opening the Office Assistant ("Clippy") or Office Help. Additionally, Office Help has been updated to aggregate and display content from the Internet in response to a query. The Office Assistant is now disabled by default and only appears when Help is activated.[9]

    New application-specific features[edit]

    New features in Word 2002[71]
    • A Clear Formatting option which reverts all changes made to selected text, but retains hyperlinks
    • A Drawing Canvas allows content such as WordArt to be aligned to a fixed position
    • For Indian languages, proofing tools were introduced for Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Kannada, Punjabi, Tamil and Telugu.[72]
    • Non-real-time collaborative editing, allowing multiple users across a file share or server to edit a document and merge changes without requiring it to be unlocked; when a user is finished editing and closes the shared document, other users can view his or her edits and merge their own changes
    • Multiple portions of text can be selected simultaneously in a document
    • Styles for bulleted lists and tables
    • Support for filtered web pages, which allows users to the reduce the size of a HTML document by removing XML tags and Word-specific formatting
    • Support for watermarks in documents
    • The General tab of the Properties dialog box now displays the file format of an open document
    • Word count toolbar
    New features in Excel 2002[73]
    • Border drawing with grid, line color, style, and weight options
    • Colors can now be added to tabs in a worksheet
    • Drawings and pictures can now be inserted directly as headers or footers
    • Function argument information in tooltips
    • If a cell contains a large number that its associated column is too narrow to display ("###"), Excel displays the entire number in a tooltip
    • Numbers can be sorted as text to prevent unexpected sorting results that occur in mixed lists of numbers and text
    • Phrasing of Excel alerts has been revised to be concise
    • Users can evaluate formulas on a sequential basis to determine how Excel arrived at a calculation result
    • With a Watch function, users can monitor the results of multiple cells in a separate window even when working on a different sheet or workbook
    New features in Outlook 2002[74]
    • AutoComplete for email addresses
    • Colored categories for calendar items
    • Group schedules
    • Hyperlink support in email subject lines
    • Native support for Outlook.com
    • Improved search functionality including the ability to stop a search and resume it later
    • Lunar calendar support
    • MSN Messenger integration
    • Performance improvements[76]
    • Preview pane improvements including the ability to open hyperlinks; respond to meeting requests; and display email properties without opening a message
    • Reminder window that consolidates all reminders for appointments and tasks in a single view
    • Retention policies for documents and email
    • Security improvements including the automatic blocking of potentially unsafe attachments and of programmatic access to information in Outlook
    • Smart tags when Word is configured as the default email editor
    New features in PowerPoint 2002[80]
    • GDI+accelerated graphic rendering, effects, and printing
    • Images in slides can now be flipped and rotated
    • Multiple slide masters in presentations
    • Native support for diagrams such as cycle, pyramid, and Venn diagrams
    • Presentation broadcast improvements
    • Presenter tools that allow users to view details on upcoming bullets or slides, and speaker notes, and to navigate to any slide without these actions being visible to the audience; this feature requires a multi-monitor configuration
    • Print preview
    • Smart tags for Apply Automatic Layout and AutoFit features, the latter of which has been updated to automatically resize fonts to fit slides as users type and to remove the minimum font size limitation
    • Support for additional paper sizes for printing
    • Thumbnails of slides are now displayed within a left-hand pane of the interface
    • Users can now snap objects to a grid and display drawing guides
    New features in Access 2002[81]
    • A new file format that enables faster access and data processing for large databases; the Access 2000 format is used by default
    • A new Stored Procedure Designer allows users to create or modify simple Microsoft SQL Server stored procedures
    • Batch updates for Access projects
    • Conversion error logging, which creates a table with information about each error that occurs during Access 95, Access 97, or Access 2000 database conversion
    • Enhanced international support including the ability to change the left-to-right reading directionality
    • Support for multiple Undo and Redo operations
    • Support for PivotCharts and PivotTables
    New features in Publisher 2002[82]
    • Customizable toolbars
    • Font schemes that can be shared with Word
    • Header and footer support
    • Multiple publications can now be open simultaneously
    • Print preview
    • Support for OfficeArt
    • The new Format dialog box combines the Colors and Lines, Layout, Picture, Size, Text Box, and Web tabs
    • Users can export objects, pages, or groups of objects and pages as images
    • Users can open, edit, and save publications as HTML
    • Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) support
    • Word documents can now be imported directly to Publisher
    New features in FrontPage 2002[83]
    • Automatic web content from third parties, including Expedia and MSNBC
    • Internet forums and online surveys can be integrated with websites
    • HTML 4 features including button and fieldsets in forms, inline frames, and language attributes
    • Tabs to navigate between different pages within the interface
    • Tags in HTML pages can be automatically reformatted to be XML-compliant
    • Themes from previous FrontPage versions have been updated
    • Unicode support
    • Users can now publish websites in the background and can continue to make edits during the publishing process
    • Usage analysis reports in daily, weekly, or monthly increments allow users to determine how often a web page is accessed and the URL from which this access originates; reports can be exported to Excel or as HTML

    Removed features[edit]

    • Binder was replaced by Unbind, a program that can extract the contents of a Binder file. Unbind can be installed from the Office XP CD-ROM.[84]
    • Microsoft Photo Editor no longer supports the PCX image format.[85]
    • Office XP Small Business Edition removes the Small Business Customer Manager during an upgrade from Office 2000; the feature is not removed during an upgrade to the Professional edition. Users who desire to retain the Small Business Customer Manager must apply the Small Business Tools 2000 patch from the second Office 2000 CD-ROM before upgrading to the Small Business Edition of Office XP.[86]
    • Microsoft Map was removed from Excel 2002.[87]
    • In Excel 2002, several add-ins are no longer available. Some, but not all, are integrated into Excel 2002 and thus made redundant.[88][89]
    • The .DBF files for Samples.xls and two Japanese templates are removed in Excel 2002.[88][89]
    • Microsoft Query is no longer available.[88][89]
    • In PowerPoint 2002, the Custom Soundtracks add-in is no longer supported and the Routing Recipient option on the Send To menu was removed.[88][89]
    • A number of features were removed in Outlook 2002.[88][89]
    • Find Fast is deprecated in favor of the Windows 2000/XP Indexing service.

    Editions[edit]

    The component products were packaged together in various suites. Some of these editions were available as retail packages in either full or upgrade versions, others as full OEM versions for inclusion with new PCs, and still others as volume license versions that required no activation. All editions provided the core components of Word, Excel, and Outlook, and all editions except the Small Business edition provided PowerPoint.[90] Additionally, some copies included Office XP Media Content on a separate disk.

    System requirements[edit]

    Office XP system requirements[4][5][91]
    Minimum Recommended
    Microsoft Windows
    Operating system
    Windows 98, Windows Me
    Windows NT 4.0 SP6, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista
    CPU
    Memory
    Windows 98: 24 MB
    Windows NT 4.0 SP6: 32 MB
    Windows Me: 32 MB
    Windows 2000: 64 MB
    Windows XP: 128 MB
    An additional 8 MB is required per each Office app running simultaneously
    128 MB is required for speech recognition
    Free space
    210 MB (Standard)
    245 MB (Professional, Professional Special Edition)
    450 MB (Developer)
    Each edition requires an additional 115 MB on the hard disk where the operating system is installed
    Media
    A CD-ROM drive is required to install Office XP from optical media
    Graphics hardware
    Hardware accelerated video card or MMX processor
    Sound hardware
    Network
    Collaboration features require Office 97 or later
    Internet access is required for product activation and online functionality
    Input device(s)

    Reception[edit]

    Microsoft Office XP received mixed to positive reviews after its release. CNET praised the new collaboration and data recovery features, and stated that Office XP offered a "host of incremental improvements" over its predecessor, Office 2000, but ultimately concluded that "most enhancements and additions are better suited for groups than individuals." Criticism was also directed at the productivity suite's strict hard disk space requirement and its incompatibility with Windows 95. Nevertheless, CNET awarded Office XP a 4-star editors' rating.[12]PC Magazine rated Office XP 4 stars out of 5 and praised the product's emphasis on user control, particularly in regards to customization options for features introduced in previous versions, and regarded it as "one of the few Microsoft upgrades that offers almost no pains with its significant gains."[92]The New York Times stated that Office XP "isn't so much a list of new features as it is an improved arrangement of old ones," but offered praise for the new collaboration features, which were regarded as a "huge leap" from previous versions.[93]Paul Thurrott regarded Office XP as "a must-have upgrade for writers such as myself," though he also stated that, without the new smart tags feature, it "has the feel of a minor upgrade with numerous useful, but small, changes."[9]

    While most assessments of Office XP were positive, the speech recognition feature was frequently criticized due to its inaccuracy and lack of advanced functionality. CNET regarded it as "especially lame" because of its inability to recognize text editing commands such as "select the sentence" and because it required users to manually switch between command and dictation modes.[12]PC Magazine stated that both the speech recognition and handwriting recognition features were not "reliable enough for general use."[94] However, in a later assessment, PC Magazine stated that the "speech recognition is reasonably accurate, but there are very few commands for editing and correcting text" and recommended Dragon NaturallySpeaking, IBM ViaVoice, or Voice Xpress for dictation.[95]The New York Times speculated that Microsoft had little to no confidence in the feature, as it is not installed by default and no microphone is included with Office XP; however, it concluded that it was "not bad for a freebie, especially if you would rather get the first draft down quickly and clean up the recognition errors later."[93] Paul Thurrott stated that "the voice recognition is so bad it's almost not even worth discussing," concluding that it "is sort of a joke" when compared with mature products such as Dragon NaturallySpeaking.[9]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

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